The choice of which one to use depends on what type of brachytherapy is planned.Possible short-term side effects of brachytherapy Since the radiation only travels a short distance with brachytherapy, the main effects of the radiation are on the cervix and the walls of the vagina.For more information, see Sex and Women With Cancer.
Often, a low dose of the chemo drug called cisplatin, but other chemo drugs can be used as well.
The radiation treatments are given 5 days a week for a total 6 to 7 weeks.
Other, longer-term side effects are also possible with EBRT. Brachytherapy, or internal radiation therapy, puts a source of radiation in or near the cancer.
This type of radiation only travels a short distance.
It is important to know that smoking increases the side effects from radiation and can make treatment less effective. For more information, please see the Radiation Therapy section of our website..
The American Cancer Society medical and editorial content team Our team is made up of doctors and master’s-prepared nurses with deep knowledge of cancer care as well as journalists, editors, and translators with extensive experience in medical writing.This is often used in addition to EBRT as a part of the main treatment for cervical cancer.There are two types of brachytherapy: To treat cervical cancer in women who have had a hysterectomy, the radioactive material is placed in a tube in the vagina.To treat a woman who still has a uterus, the radioactive material can be placed in a small metal tube (called a tandem) that goes in the uterus, along with small round metal holders (ovoids) placed near the cervix.This is sometimes called tandem and ovoid treatment. For this, a round holder (like a disc) is placed close to the uterus.When chemotherapy is given with radiation, the blood counts tend to be lower and fatigue and nausea tend to be worse.